Play is a very important part of development for your growing child. Not only is playtime entertaining for your child, but it also provides stimulation, increases skills and coordination, provides an outlet for your child’s energy, and helps to encourage exploration by your child. Play is also important for the following reasons:
- Play can help to teach your child concepts of shapes, numbers, colors, different sizes, and textures.
- Play can help your child become a social being and encourage your child to be a part of a group and to share.
- Play allows for creativity and fantasy.
- Play helps children discover what they enjoy and what they excel at doing.
- Play provides a means (other than talking) for your child to express his or her fears, needs, and wants.
What are the different stages of play?
As one can expect, children at different ages do not all play the same way. There are distinct stages that children go through as they grow. Each stage is very important to the development of the next. While not all children are the same and may not progress through the stages at the same time, the following are common types of play grouped according to your child’s age:
- Infants like to be entertained. As an infant grows, he or she is able to play more purposefully with toys.
- A toddler enjoys playing independently with toys. He or she particularly enjoys playing with toys that include body movement or noise.
- A preschooler enjoys watching his or her peers and imitating others, with only some interaction while actually playing. Older preschool children begin to borrow and lend toys. This age group often initiates make-believe play.
- A school-aged child enjoys competitive games and sports, formal board games, and still engages in some fantasy play. Rules are important during play with the school-aged child.
- An adolescent enjoys competitive games and sports. The goal of this age group is social contact.
Find more information about the best toys and activities for certain age groups below: